How to form strong and lasting competitiveness of

2022-09-21
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At present, China has formed several flooring industry clusters: Zhejiang Nanxun (solid wood), Changzhou Henglin (strengthened), Hubei Wuhan (strengthened), Guangdong Zhongshan (solid wood), Zhejiang Anji (bamboo flooring), Shanghai Nanhui (solid wood), Jilin Dunhua (multi-storey), Jiangxi Fengxin (bamboo flooring), Zhejiang Jiashan (multi-storey). They give full play to their respective advantages and make outstanding contributions to the local economy and the overall development of China's flooring industry. At present, China has formed several flooring industry clusters: Zhejiang Nanxun (solid wood), Changzhou Henglin (strengthened), Hubei Wuhan (strengthened), Guangdong Zhongshan (solid wood), Zhejiang Anji (bamboo flooring), Shanghai Nanhui (solid wood), Jilin Dunhua (multi-storey), Jiangxi Fengxin (bamboo flooring), Zhejiang Jiashan (multi-storey). They give full play to their respective advantages and make outstanding contributions to the local economy and the overall development of China's flooring industry. However, it is also a practical problem that their operation ability is not strong at present. How to improve the competitiveness of flooring industry clusters should be a must for local associations and governments. With the arrival of the low-carbon trend and the gradual formation of national industrial adjustment policies, the sample is prevented from being impacted twice; The equipment is equipped with a buffer device to avoid damaging the impact surface of the falling hammer; After the experiment of the drop hammer impact testing machine is completed, it should be said that the upgrading opportunities for clusters around the world have come. In what areas should we improve? Based on our own research and experts' opinions, we sort out the following views:

first, clarify the government functions. Local governments should focus on maintaining a good market competition and technological innovation environment for clustered enterprises, and avoid administrative intervention in the normal operation of market-oriented enterprises; Formulate special industrial cluster policies, provide policy support in technological innovation, land management, decision-making consultation, financing guarantee, talent training, international market development, etc., and use tangible hands to guide the transformation of the flooring industry from resource-based to technology-based, which not only reflects the characteristics of scientific decision-making, but also tests the ability of elites who devote themselves to the flooring industry to control the economy

second, collaborative innovation. The dependence of enterprises in the cluster on the overall competitive advantage of the cluster and the internal and external pressure to seek their own development make them constantly play games, forming a new type of competition and cooperation relationship. Enterprise association can promote the interaction between enterprises, while collaborative division of labor can create high capital costs and benefits. Therefore, the enterprises in the cluster should make full use of resources or business industry cooperation, marketing and R & D diffusion benefits, enterprise similarity and corporate image sharing, strengthen the professional division of labor and supporting cooperation of the cluster production system, and deepen the awareness of cluster enterprise cooperation. In addition, according to their own development needs and market conditions, large enterprises should vertically separate specialized derivative enterprises and self-service institutions, actively carry out subcontracting and cooperation business with small and medium-sized enterprises in the group, promote the development of benign symmetrical development trend or asymmetric reciprocal symbiosis mode in the group, lay a solid foundation for the historical transformation of China's flooring industry from large to strong, from special to refined, and finally achieve sustainable development

third, encourage the transfer of professionals from other places. Support various forms of talent market, introduce risk guarantee mechanism and dispute settlement mechanism, and promote the cooperation between enterprises and Datong by using various recyclable materials (including other new materials) to create colleges and universities, scientific research institutions and intermediary institutions, so as to improve the collective effect and promote the professional division and cooperation of industrial clusters

fourth, optimize the industrial structure. Actively guide the technological innovation trend of clusters in the establishment period, make them gradually transition from labor-intensive to innovative technology and characteristics, promote the upgrading and transformation of enterprise clusters in the growth and mature periods, and provide conditions for the vertical separation of large enterprises in the cluster to form specialized derivative enterprises; Actively carry out the dissemination of experience with low information and technology load in the cluster, cultivate advanced resource elements, and optimize the cluster structure

fifth, cultivate professional intermediaries. Intermediary institutions can provide professional services in finance, insurance, law, commerce, investment decision-making, entrepreneurial consulting, foreign trade and enterprise mergers and acquisitions, such as professional law firms and accounting firms. At the same time, we should also pay attention to eliminating discrimination against private and private intermediary organizations, regulating the business behavior of private intermediary companies, and creating an open and transparent legal environment

sixth, establish an integrated mechanism of industry, University and research. Enterprises in the cluster should actively carry out cooperation with colleges and universities, scientific research institutions and other sources of technological innovation, make full use of the high intelligence advantage of scientific research institutions, and provide solutions to technical problems in production practice by these specialized institutions through agreement cooperation, so as to introduce innovation vitality and save enterprise costs

it is unrealistic to create and develop industrial clusters in a short time, that is, to achieve immediate results. Successful industrial clusters have experienced decades of development, and the establishment of enterprise networks in clusters also requires a long-term game process. Therefore, patience should become a necessary condition for the development of industrial clusters and local economy

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